Massachusetts building code stair railings

How many steps can you have without a handrail?

The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps .

How high should a handrail be on a stairway?

(6) The height of handrails shall be not more than 37 inches (94 cm) nor less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the upper surface of the handrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread.

Do I need a handrail on my deck stairs?

A flight of stairs shall not have a vertical rise greater than 12′ (3655mm) between floor levels or landings. Handrail (see details below). Guardrails required where deck is 30″ or more above the floor or grade below.

What is code for deck handrail?

Guards are required when then deck is 24″ (60 cm) above grade. The minimum height of the railing varies based on the height of the deck . Decks 24″ to 5-10″ (180 cm) need 36″ guards and anything above 5-10″ requires a 42″ high railing .

Do I need a handrail for 3 steps?

Is a handrail required for 3 steps ? A stairway of three steps may or may not need a handrail . This depends on how much the stairway rises (1 metre or higher), whether there is considered to be a risk of falling (such as strong winds) and whether the stairway will be used by people who need mobility assistance.

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Is a handrail a legal requirement?

Stairs should have a handrail on at least one side if the stairs are less than 1 metre wide. A handrail on both sides of the stairs will be required if the stair width is greater than this. Staircase Building Regulations are covered by further regulations parts M1 and M2.

Are handrails required on both sides of interior stairs?

Stair Handrail requirements – one vs both sides of the stairway : Stairways shall have handrails on each side, and every stairway required to be more than 88 inches (2235 mm) in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate handrail for each 88 inches (2235 mm) or required width.

How tall can a deck be without rails?

30 inches

What is the difference between a handrail and a stair rail?

And that’s why people are choosing them to protect family members such as seniors who face threats from falling. A stair railing , on the other hand, is mostly to prevent people from falling off the side of the stairs .

How high of a deck needs a railing?


Can a 2×4 be used as a handrail?

(The 2-inch handrail is allowed by all U.S. building codes.) Watch out: No model building code and no other building code that we have surveyed permitted 2×6 or even 2×4 handrailings installed “on the flat” as a safe graspable stair handrail system. Edges shall have a minimum radius of 0.01 inch (0.25 mm).

Can deck railings be horizontal?

Your choice of design can help to give more character to your deck and enhance outdoor space. The railing is available in wooden, metal, PVC, fiberglass, composite, and cable materials. The arrangement of rails may be vertical or horizontal . Vertical railings are common in many homes.

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